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Why Is My Dog Sneezing And Coughing


If you’ve ever noticed your furry friend sneezing and coughing, you may be wondering what could be causing these symptoms. Just like humans, dogs can experience respiratory issues that lead to sneezing and coughing. In this article, we will explore why your dog may be sneezing and coughing, along with 7 interesting trends related to the topic.

One common reason for a dog to sneeze and cough is allergies. “Just like humans, dogs can be allergic to various environmental factors such as pollen, mold, or dust,” says a veterinary allergist. “When a dog inhales these allergens, it can lead to sneezing and coughing as their body tries to expel the irritants.”

Another possible cause of sneezing and coughing in dogs is respiratory infections. “Dogs can contract respiratory infections from viruses or bacteria, which can cause symptoms like sneezing, coughing, and nasal discharge,” explains a veterinary pulmonologist. “It’s important to have your dog evaluated by a veterinarian if you suspect they may have an infection, as they may require antibiotics or other treatments.”

Additionally, dogs can develop kennel cough, also known as infectious tracheobronchitis, which is a highly contagious respiratory disease. “Kennel cough is often spread in places where dogs are in close quarters, such as boarding facilities or dog parks,” says a veterinary internist. “Symptoms of kennel cough include a dry, hacking cough, sneezing, and nasal discharge.”

Here are 7 interesting trends related to why your dog may be sneezing and coughing:

1. Breed predispositions: Certain breeds are more prone to respiratory issues that can cause sneezing and coughing, such as brachycephalic breeds like pugs and bulldogs.

2. Environmental factors: Dogs who spend a lot of time outdoors may be more likely to inhale allergens that trigger sneezing and coughing.

3. Age-related changes: Older dogs may develop respiratory issues as they age, leading to symptoms like sneezing and coughing.

4. Secondhand smoke exposure: Just like humans, dogs can suffer from the effects of secondhand smoke, which can irritate their respiratory system and lead to sneezing and coughing.

5. Heartworm disease: In severe cases, heartworm disease can lead to respiratory issues in dogs, causing symptoms like coughing and difficulty breathing.

6. Stress and anxiety: Dogs who are stressed or anxious may exhibit symptoms like sneezing and coughing as a result of their heightened emotional state.

7. Foreign objects: Dogs can inhale or ingest foreign objects that become lodged in their respiratory system, leading to symptoms like sneezing and coughing.

As a pet owner, it’s natural to have concerns about your dog’s health when they are experiencing sneezing and coughing. Here are 15 common concerns and answers related to the topic:

1. My dog is sneezing and coughing. Should I be worried?

It’s always best to have your dog evaluated by a veterinarian if they are experiencing sneezing and coughing, especially if the symptoms persist or worsen.

2. Can allergies cause my dog to sneeze and cough?

Yes, allergies can trigger sneezing and coughing in dogs, just like in humans. Your veterinarian can help determine the specific allergens affecting your dog.

3. How is kennel cough treated?

Kennel cough is typically treated with supportive care, such as rest, cough suppressants, and sometimes antibiotics if a bacterial infection is present.

4. Is sneezing and coughing in dogs contagious to humans?

While some respiratory infections can be transmitted between dogs and humans, it is rare for dogs to pass illnesses like kennel cough to their owners.

5. Can I give my dog over-the-counter medications for sneezing and coughing?

It’s important to never give your dog medications without consulting a veterinarian, as some human medications can be toxic to dogs.

6. What are the signs of a respiratory infection in dogs?

Signs of a respiratory infection in dogs may include sneezing, coughing, nasal discharge, lethargy, and difficulty breathing.

7. How can I prevent my dog from inhaling allergens?

You can help reduce your dog’s exposure to allergens by keeping them indoors during peak pollen times, using air purifiers, and regularly grooming them to remove dust and pollen from their fur.

8. Can stress or anxiety cause my dog to sneeze and cough?

Yes, stress and anxiety can manifest in physical symptoms like sneezing and coughing in dogs. Providing a calm and stable environment can help alleviate these symptoms.

9. What is reverse sneezing in dogs?

Reverse sneezing is a common occurrence in dogs where they rapidly inhale through their nose, causing a snorting or honking sound. It is usually harmless and can be triggered by excitement or irritation.

10. When should I seek emergency care for my dog’s sneezing and coughing?

If your dog is having difficulty breathing, has blue gums, or is coughing up blood, seek emergency veterinary care immediately.

11. Can heartworm disease cause sneezing and coughing in dogs?

In severe cases, heartworm disease can lead to respiratory issues in dogs, causing symptoms like coughing and difficulty breathing. Regular heartworm prevention is key to preventing this serious disease.

12. How can I help soothe my dog’s coughing?

Providing a humid environment, using a humidifier, or giving your dog honey (in small amounts) can help soothe a coughing dog. Always consult with a veterinarian before trying home remedies.

13. Are there any natural remedies for dog allergies?

Some natural remedies for dog allergies include probiotics, omega-3 fatty acids, and herbal supplements like quercetin. However, it’s important to discuss these options with your veterinarian before trying them.

14. Can smoking around my dog cause respiratory issues?

Yes, secondhand smoke exposure can irritate your dog’s respiratory system and lead to symptoms like sneezing and coughing. It’s best to avoid smoking around pets to protect their health.

15. What should I expect during a veterinary evaluation for my dog’s sneezing and coughing?

During a veterinary evaluation, your veterinarian will likely perform a physical exam, possibly recommend diagnostic tests like bloodwork or x-rays, and develop a treatment plan based on their findings.

In conclusion, sneezing and coughing in dogs can be caused by a variety of factors, including allergies, respiratory infections, kennel cough, and more. It’s important to have your dog evaluated by a veterinarian if they are experiencing these symptoms to determine the underlying cause and provide appropriate treatment. By being proactive about your dog’s health and addressing any concerns promptly, you can help keep your furry companion happy and healthy for years to come.